Some are already so far gone into such a fatal sleep that they cannot hear the cries of loved ones, nor the message of the gospel, nor the roar of the waves of Jordan. In our own beloved America today, those people who are flirting with revolutionary schemes, if they should ever have their way, shall certainly overwhelm themselves and their posterity with sorrows, and far from attaining any worthy goals, will reap a gory harvest of tragedy and disappointment. The ancient Jews frequently use the phrase putting on the shechinah, or Divine majesty, to signify the soul's being clothed with immortality, and rendered fit for glory. And what is this solemn doctrine? He orders them to cast off the works of darkness, and put on the armor. This sense seems most suitable to the following verses, where the vices of the Gentiles are particularly specified; and they are exhorted to abandon them, and to receive the Gospel of Christ. Click the Bible for the all new StudyLight.org!! Not Yet a Member? We should stand in awe of those who wear the sword, and who are appointed to execute the laws of the land. In addition you can use the Interlinear Bible and much more to enhance your understanding of God's word. They simply could not stand the strain and went to sleep. Romans 6:1-13 Though justified by grace, we may not live in sin; since the very figure of baptism requireth us to die. holiness unto God. It is not any particular implementation of the state's authority which is "ordained of God," but the existence of such an authority. xi., page 689, speaking of Appius and the rest of the Decemviri, says: ουκετι μετριαζοντες, αλλα τον Ταρκυνιον εκεινον ενδυομενοι, They were no longer the servants of Tarquin, but they Clothed Themselves with Him - they imitated and aped him in every thing. Deeds that are becoming to Christians are those of virtue, integrity, faithfulness, purity, and love. Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers - This is a very strong saying, and most solemnly introduced; and we must consider the apostle as speaking, not from his own private judgment, or teaching a doctrine of present expediency, but declaring the mind of God on a subject of the utmost importance to the peace of the world; a doctrine which does not exclusively belong to any class of people, order of the community, or official situations, but to every soul; and, on the principles which the apostle lays down, to every soul in all possible varieties of situation, and on all occasions. If those called Christians at Rome were guilty of such acts, there could be no difference except in profession, between them and the most abominable of the heathens. Had the state and its institutions been otherwise than "ordained of God," it is unthinkable that Christ would have borrowed such illustrations and made them analogies for the conveyance of eternal truth. Click the Bible for the all new StudyLight.org!! These commandments do not nullify each other, because they speak of different things. He beareth not the sword in vain - His power is delegated to him for the defense and encouragement of the good, and the punishment of the wicked; and he has authority to punish capitally, when the law so requires: this the term sword leads us to infer. "The day" in the sense of Christ's coming in judgment upon Jerusalem was indeed "at hand," and only a little over a decade removed from the time when Paul wrote this letter. None ever cared as much as they; but, inspired men of God, they KNEW that extremist methods would have done no good, but would have, on the other hand, done much harm in the multiplication of human misery and sorrow. Bible > Interlinear > Romans 13:13 Romans 13:13 Romans 13 - Click for Chapter. Paul's mention here of a spiritual condition called "sleep," and his call for people to awaken out of it, provide strong emphasis upon the dangers of such stupor. God is the one who justifies; on StudyLight.org. He may be irregular in his own private life; he may be an immoral man, and disgrace himself by an improper conduct: but if he rule according to the law; if he make no attempt to change the constitution, nor break the compact between him and the people; there is, therefore, no legal ground of opposition to his civil authority, and every act against him is not only rebellion in the worst sense of the word, but is unlawful and absolutely sinful. Shall receive to themselves damnation - Κριμα, condemnation; shall be condemned both by the spirit and letter of that constitution, which, under pretense of defending or improving, they are indirectly labouring to subvert. They know the folly and peril of the neglect of prayer, study, and worship; they know how deadly is the sting of sin; but they sleep. He said: The discharge of all debts and the keeping of all commandments is summed up in the one word of a man's loving others as he loves himself. Be rigidly just; withhold neither from the king nor his ministers, nor his officers of justice and revenue, nor from even the lowest of the community, what the laws of God and your country require you to pay. Also, there were certain Christian practices which might have led them easily to despise the state. Jesus Christ was not a revolutionary in any sense of that word today. The Dominion of North America changed hands while people slept! In the New Testament, there was never any hint of Christians organizing any kind of campaign to change or nullify laws. The armour of light ... is one of Paul's favorite metaphors for the gospel of Jesus Christ, which he called the "whole armour" in Ephesians 6:13-17). 'Therefore, let us cast off - let us live as candidates for this eternal glory. 4. The common method of explanation is this: The night is far spent - our present imperfect life, full of afflictions, temptations, and trials, is almost run out; the day of eternal blessedness is at hand - is about to dawn on us in our glorious resurrection unto eternal life. And if, through indifference or tacit support, you should ever contribute to the overthrow of present institutions, and if you should live for a single day without the legacy you now hold in your hands, an ocean of tears could not ease your heartbreak or give you another inheritance like the one in which you now stand secure. People's New Testament. And practices of the most abandoned and dissolute sort? Christians should love one another, Romans 13:8-10. Romans 8:33 - Who will bring a charge against God's elect? For this cause pay ye tribute also - Because civil government is an order of God, and the ministers of state must be at considerable expense in providing for the safety and defense of the community, it is necessary that those in whose behalf these expenses are incurred should defray that expense; and hence nothing can be more reasonable than an impartial and moderate taxation, by which the expenses of the state may be defrayed, and the various officers, whether civil or military, who are employed for the service of the public, be adequately remunerated. To see with what propriety the apostle introduces the important subjects which he handles in this chapter, it is necessary to make a few remarks on the circumstances in which the Church of God then was. It is such a background, therefore, which dramatizes Paul's instructions to Christians in this thirteenth chapter. For what reason this edict was issued does not satisfactorily appear. As Moule said. Hence Rev., ministers of God's service. It is, in a word, for the benefit of the community, and not for the aggrandizement of himself, that God has entrusted the supreme civil power to any man. Romans 6:9 - knowing that Christ, having been raised from the dead, is never to die again; death no longer is master over Him. Barabbas, who had come into conspicuous view at the time of Jesus' crucifixion, was a revolutionary, many others having preceded him. Test drive it and tell us about your experience. "Some sleep ..." (1 Corinthians 11:30). Some sleep the sleep of Jonah, an unrealistic sleep. Their astonishment and gratitude were nearly incredible. Was it because they did not care for injustices under such evil rulers as Nero? As I have already mentioned some potentates by name, as apt examples of the doctrines I have been laying down, my readers will naturally expect that, on so fair an opportunity, I should introduce another; one in whom the double blessing meets; one who, through an unusually protracted reign, during every year of which he most conscientiously watched over the sacred constitution committed to his care, not only did not impair this constitution, but took care that its wholesome laws should be properly administered, and who in every respect acted as the father of his people, and added to all this the most exemplary moral conduct perhaps ever exhibited by a prince, whether in ancient or modern times; not only tacitly discountenancing vice by his truly religious conduct, but by his frequent proclamations most solemnly forbidding Sabbath-breaking, profane swearing, and immorality in general. Plug in, Turn on and Be En light ened! The old sins and debaucheries of the pagan darkness must be cast off. Therefore, he that resisteth the power, withstandeth the ordinance of God: and they that withstand shall receive to themselves judgment. Please modify your queries and try again. People tire of the ceaseless struggle, become worn out with the dull routine, and, numbed by the deadly monotony, they fall asleep; but, while they nod Judas is making a deal with the high priest; and, in a little while, the soldiers will appear to lead the Lord away. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers -, For rulers are not a terror to good works -, Wilt thou then not be afraid of the power? [5] J. Barmby, The Pulpit Commentary (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. This verse teaches that breaking the laws of human governments is equivalent to breaking God's laws, because such laws are also of God's will and authority. Being part of the institution "ordained of God," which is the state, they partake of the dignity and authority pertaining to it, and are entitled to obedience, respect, courtesy, honor, and the cooperation of all Christians, who, in the discharge of such obligations, are doing so "as unto the Lord," and not "as unto men," for such is the commandment of the scriptures. That this night is nearly at an end, the night is far spent. Otherwise, the whole Christian movement might have been swallowed up in the overwhelming destruction of Israel, then impending, and so soon to be accomplished. Parallel Verses. Home > Study Desk. Strabo, lib. He is the minister of God - the office is by Divine appointment: the man who is worthy of the office will act in conformity to the will of God: and as the eyes of the Lord are over the righteous, and his ears open to their cry, consequently the ruler will be the minister of God to them for good. Wilt thou then not be afraid of the power? The great need of Paul's revelation of the proper Christian attitude toward the secular state derived from a number of very important considerations. Render to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute is due: custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honor to whom honor. He exhorts them to this that they may walk honestly, decently habited; and not spend their time, waste their substance, destroy their lives, and ruin their souls in such iniquitous practices as those which he immediately specifies. That the Jews were in general an uneasy and seditious people is clear enough from every part of their own history. There are twin reasons for the Christian's observance of society's laws: first, as a matter of conscience, it is a sin for him to break the law; and second, in order that he might not incur the legal penalty of lawbreaking. Romans 13:13 Aramaic NT: Peshitta ܘܐܝܟ ܕܒܐܝܡܡܐ ܒܐܤܟܡܐ ܢܗܠܟ ܠܐ ܒܙܡܪܐ ܘܠܐ ܒܪܘܝܘܬܐ ܘܠܐ ܒܡܕܡܟܐ ܛܢܦܐ ܘܠܐ ܒܚܤܡܐ ܘܒܚܪܝܢܐ ܀ Additional Parallel Greek. Thus, "day" in this passage, having reference to the same time, means "at the present time, in the gospel age.". The mode of speech itself is taken from the custom of stage players: they assumed the name and garments of the person whose character they were to act, and endeavored as closely as possible to imitate him in their spirit, words, and actions. But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make no provision for the flesh, to fulfill the lusts thereof. Let every man be obedient to the civil government under which the providence of God has cast his lot. True, he said the day is at hand in the next verse; and from this, the commentators have jumped to the conclusion that all the Christians of that era believed the end of the ages was upon them. But it is impossible that such things should be spoken to the followers of Christ; for the very grace that brings repentance enables the penitent to cast aside and abominate all such vicious and abominable conduct. Deliverance from the persecutions, etc., with which they were then afflicted, is supposed by others to be the meaning of the apostle. Fear - See Romans 13:4. I know the truth!" Choose a verse from 'Romans 12' to begin your 'Verse-by-Verse' study of God's Word using the more than 100 commentaries available on StudyLight.org Greathouse understood the first clause here as the negative statement of the first clause in Romans 13:7, thus referring it to the obligations of custom, tribute, honor, etc. 6. Moffatt took account of the essential difference in two Hebrew words, [~ratsach] and [~harag], the latter meaning "put to death," the other meaning "murder." Let all hear it from the word of God, if they are so blind as to be unable to read it in history, that the policeman also is God's man, and that without him there is nothing. The original word, κοιταις, signifies whoredoms and prostitution of every kind. Significantly, even in that last statement, Paul did not indicate that he expected the immediate second coming of Christ. That Paul consciously followed the teachings of the Master throughout is observable in several particulars, as noted by Lenski: This passage does not teach that if one loves his neighbor he has license to break any of the commandments, but that truly loving one's neighbor will positively restrain from any sinful action against one's neighbor. Elders sleep while error is advocated in the church. This is in reference to what is said, Romans 13:13: Let us put on decent garments-let us make a different profession, unite with other company, and maintain that profession by a suitable conduct. Writing to Timothy, in the last of his apostolic messages, Paul said. They had the most rooted aversion to the heathen government; and it was a maxim with them that the world was given to the Israelites; that they should have supreme rule every where, and that the Gentiles should be their vassals. Still others sleep the sleep of spiritual death, as did certain Christians in Corinth. There has hardly been a state in history where the private exercise of Christian faith has been the object of governmental hatred and punishment. In ancient times, God, in an especial manner, on many occasions appointed the individual who was to govern; and he accordingly governed by a Divine right, as in the case of Moses, Joshua, the Hebrew judges, and several of the Israelitish kings. He considers the Gospel as now visiting the Gentiles, and the light of a glorious day about to shine forth on them. Test drive it and tell us about your experience. The word here brings out more fully the fact that the ruler, like the priest, discharges a divinely ordained service. He could always go out and "shake himself as at other times," so he thought and was therefore contemptuous of the danger. Tons more resources, better tools, NIV84 and easier navigation. Capital punishment is clearly allowed to be a legitimate prerogative of human government, by Paul's statements here. The sleeper is doing nothing, all activity being suspended. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient. Romans 11:13 - But I am speaking to you who are Gentiles. [2] H. C. G. Moule, The Epistle to the Romans (London: Pickering and Inglis), p. 254. We say the same. "I know! Gross sin, terrible disappointment, the traumatic experience of church division or some other catastrophe has left them insensible through spiritual sleep, and they must be aroused or perish. The manifestation of the Messiah is regularly termed by the ancient Jews יום yom, day, because previously to this all is night, Bereshith rabba sect. Because throughout the Scriptures in the Old and New Testaments, what God does in nature or grace, he is said to do by his Spirit. Christ himself honored God's ordained institution, the state, ordered the payment of taxes to Caesar (Matthew 22:21), declared that the authority of the procurator, Pontius Pilate, was given to him "from above" (John 19:11), prophetically identified the armies of Vespasian and Titus as those of God himself sent for the purpose of destroying those evil men and burning their city, the city of Jerusalem (Matthew 22:7), submitted to arrest, even illegal and unjust arrest (Matthew 26:47-56), refused to allow Peter to defend with the sword against such an outrage, and meekly accepted the death penalty itself, which the state unjustly exacted, and which Christ had ample means of avoiding (Matthew 26:53), but did not. Sorry but your search resulted in no verses being found. A thousand examples from history could be brought forward to show what a disastrous thing sleep may be. he closely follows and imitates him. age does not need the old fashioned relics of barbarism, such as policemen and jails. Home; Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary; Romans; Chapter … The taxes are to be paid for the support of those who are God's ministers - the necessary civil officers, from the king downwards, who are attending Continually on this very thing. Putting on, or being clothed with Jesus Christ, signifies receiving and believing the Gospel; and consequently taking its maxims for the government of life, having the mind that was in Christ. Even in the piece-by-piece consideration of the armor, their intimate connection with and identity with the word of God is evident. A Christian is prohibited from any such role, nor may he even "resist" (13:2), a conclusion that is based not alone on what Paul wrote here, but also upon the fact that no Christian of the apostolic age ever did anything remotely akin to pulling down a government. Many today sleep like that. To trust them is to have your throats cut and to lose your souls also. on StudyLight.org To all such persons, the question of submission to a government like Rome Was the most burning question of the day. So Dionysius Hal., Antiq., lib. The "judgment" in this place refers primarily to the legal punishment of violators of the state's laws; but the displeasure of God regarding such violations implies that there will also be an eternal accounting to God for such sins. The propriety of paying lawful tribute, Romans 13:6, Romans 13:7. The stability of his throne amidst these dangers and distresses may prove a useful lesson to his successors, and show them the strength of a virtuous character, and that morality and religion form the best bulwark against those great evils to which all human governments are exposed. Taking the gun out of the policeman's hands is the surest way to make all people victims of the lawless. Government is thus elevated into the sphere of religion. Only a few sentries were left to guard the heights overlooking the mighty St. Lawrence river; but, while they slept, the soldiers of General Wolfe scaled the heights of the river and defeated the French the next morning on the plains of Abraham. 18 (ii), p. 392. The Christian life is realized, not by an item tabulation of commandments kept or broken, but by a conscious filling of the heart with love toward others, a fulfillment being made possible only by the sacred enthronement within, of the Holy Spirit. For he is the minister of God, a revenger - Θεοῦ διακονος εστιν εκδικος, For he is God's vindictive minister, to execute wrath; εις οργην, to inflict punishment upon the transgressors of the law; and this according to the statutes of that law; for God's civil ministers are never allowed to pronounce or inflict punishment according to their own minds or feeling, but according to the express declarations of the law. This metaphor applied with specific force to the lifting of the long night of pagan darkness which had wrapped the world in Woe. -, For he is the minister of God to thee for good -, For he is the minister of God, a revenger -, Owe no man any thing, but to love one another -, For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery -, ουκετι μετριαζοντες, αλλα τον Ταρκυνιον εκεινον ενδυομενοι. Let us walk becomingly, as in the day; not in reveling and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and jealousy. There is no ground for supposing that Paul was ignorant to the point of confusing the judicial coming with the final coming. James the Second was a good moral man, as far as I can learn, but he was a bad and dangerous prince; he endeavored to alter, and essentially change the British constitution, both in Church and state, therefore he was lawfully deposed. This is said on the supposition that the ruler is himself a good man: such the laws suppose him to be; and the apostle, on the general question of obedience and protection, assumes the point that the magistrate is such. Becomingly, as in the day ... suggests the beauty and adornment of Christian behavior, which is of a kind not to be ashamed of in broad open daylight, contrasting sharply with the Gentile debaucheries usually committed at night, and therefore called the works of darkness (Romans 13:12). The "beseeching" attitude of the previous chapter gives way in this one to the majestic authority of the apostolic command which seems to say, "Make no mistake about it; this is an order! Never behave rudely to any person; but behave respectfully to men in office: if you cannot even respect the man - for an important office may be filled by an unworthy person - respect the office, and the man on account of his office. of sin; but we are still the servants of sin, if we Yet, even in this case, though in our country it would be a breach of the constitution, which allows every man to worship God according to his conscience, the truly pious will not feel that even this would justify rebellion against the prince; they are to suffer patiently, and commend themselves and their cause to him that judgeth righteously. Some sleep the sleep of presumption, like Samson upon the knees of Delilah. Some sleep the sleep of the foolish, the negligent, or the careless. (Romans 13:1). Eusebius, in his life of Constantine, says the same of his sons, they put on their father - they seemed to enter into his spirit and views, and to imitate him in all things. The generality of the best critics think it a spurious reading. The night is far sent, and the day is at hand: let us cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light. Strife and jealousy ... refer to the animosities of men inflamed with liquor, sated with vice, and living the lives of debauchees. To those persons, present in every age, who reject the meek and submissive attitude of Christ regarding earthly governments, and prefer instead the belligerent posture of the aggressive revolutionary, it should be pointed out that this is not a new attitude but an old and discredited one. Some young people sleep, thinking that they have many years in which to make their peace with God; but, while they sleep, they are taken away. Even beyond all this was the evil nature of the Roman government itself, enjoying at the moment the relative tranquillity of the quinquennium of Nero, but despite that, almost universally hated for its pitiless institutions of imperial power. Custom to whom custom - Τελος· This word probably means such duties as were laid upon goods, merchandise, etc., on imports and exports; what we commonly call custom. If he should use this to wrong, rob, spoil, oppress, and persecute his subjects, he is not only a bad man, but also a bad prince. This is invariably true of all, that salvation is nearer than when we first believed. The Adam Clarke Commentary. There was a man who knew all the dangers, but slept anyway. Griesbach has left it out of the text. Barmby observed that. Choose a verse from 'Romans 1' to begin your 'Verse-by-Verse' study of God's Word using the more than 100 commentaries available on StudyLight.org That they are charged with practices almost peculiar to the heathens? More resources, better tools and easier navigation Test drive it and tell us about your experience. Search results for 'Romans 13:13' using the 'New American Standard Version'. May all the sleepers be aroused by the call of the apostle's words here. On the other hand, when a king governs according to the constitution of his realms and has his heart and life governed by the laws of his God, he is then a double blessing to his people; while he is ruling carefully according to the laws, his pious example is a great means of extending and confirming the reign of pure morality among his subjects. Putting on , or being clothed with Jesus Christ, signifies receiving and believing the Gospel ; and consequently taking its maxims for the government of life, having the mind that was in Christ. Revelling and drunkenness ... refers to riotous and boisterous conduct, such as undisciplined behavior that follows indulgence in alcoholic beverages. Owe no man anything, save to love one another: for he that loveth his neighbor hath fulfilled the law. Romans 13, Geneva Study Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary of the Old and New Testament was penned by John Calvin, Martin Luther and Huldrych Zwingli. Why will not people wake up! This, of course, is a euphemism for death, the sleep from which one does not awaken until the sound of the trumpet and the gathering of the hosts for judgment. They are asleep (Romans 13:11; Ephesians 5:14). Romans 12:12 - rejoicing in hope, persevering in tribulation, devoted to prayer, on StudyLight.org Not even the mighty storm which descended upon them aroused him. Cast off the works of darkness - prepare to meet this rising light, and welcome its approach, by throwing aside superstition, impiety, and vice of every kind: and put on the armor of light - fully receive the heavenly teaching, by which your spirits will be as completely armed against the attacks of evil as your bodies could be by the best weapons and impenetrable armor. Ye must needs be subject - Αναγκη, There is a necessity that ye should be subject, not only for wrath, δια την οργην, on account of the punishment which will be inflicted on evil doers, but also for conscience' sake; not only to avoid punishment, but also to preserve a clear conscience. Owe no man any thing, but to love one another - In the preceding verses the apostle has been showing the duty, reverence, and obedience, which all Christians, from the highest to the lowest, owe to the civil magistrate; whether he be emperor, king, proconsul, or other state officer; here he shows them their duty to each other: but this is widely different from that which they owe to the civil government: to the first they owe subjection, reverence, obedience, and tribute; to the latter they owe nothing but mutual love, and those offices which necessarily spring from it. To say that such conduct does not become Christians must have been intended by the apostle as a meiosis, an understatement for the sake of emphasis. It is this: Let every soul be subject to the higher powers. The other spoke up and said, "Well, it would help a lot if all the clergymen in our city knew it!" No, indeed. And wantonness - Ασελγειαις, All manner of uncleanness and sodomitical practices. - Dr. Taylor's Notes, page 352. The word rendered "he" in this verse could be translated "it"; but the translators are correct in making it personal, for only a person could be spoken of as bearing the sword. Romans 13:13 - Let us behave properly as in the day, not in carousing and drunkenness, not in sexual promiscuity and sensuality, not in strife and jealousy. He went aboard a ship putting out to sea, descended into the hold of the vessel and went to sleep. That some laws were unjust was clear to all; but Paul sent a runaway slave back to his Christian master (Philemon 1:1:17), and provided specific instructions to both masters and slaves in his epistles to Ephesus and Colossae. But it has been asked: If the ruler be an immoral or profligate man, does he not prove himself thereby to be unworthy of his high office, and should he not be deposed? Someone just went to sleep when he should have been on guard. It is generally allowed that this epistle was written about the year of our Lord 58, four or five years after the edict of the Emperor Claudius, by which all the Jews were banished from Rome. The widespread Jewish attitude toward Rome was well known in Paul's day, and there can be little doubt that practically all of the Christians sympathized with it and were strongly tempted to aid the Jewish cause. Present-day lawgivers are not wiser than God who laid down such penalties and enforced them in the Old Testament dispensation. Even the discussion of gross sins was forbidden to Christians upon the ground that such guarding of the conversation "becometh saints" (Ephesians 5:3). The apostles understood and reiterated ' jesus ' teaching in this thirteenth.. The last of his apostolic messages, Paul did not indicate that he merely... Our Lord never disobeyed any law, nor did he ever advocate disobedience, the. 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